Illness, Absence and Lateness

Good attendance is vital to your child’s progress at school.

If your child is ill, we ask you to contact the school by telephone on the first day of absence. It is essential you inform the school promptly to avoid your child’s absence being marked as unauthorised. Please let us know if your child has an illness that is contagious or could affect vulnerable people. Use the table below as a guide to help you decide what to do if your child is unwell and how long to keep them off.

Condition Recommended period to be kept away from school (once child is well) Comments
Chickenpox Until all spots have crusted and formed a scab – usually five-seven days from onset of rash Chicken pox causes a rash of red, itchy spots that turn into fluid-filled blisters. They then crust over to form scabs, which eventually drop off.
Cold sores None Many healthy children and adults excrete this virus at some time without having a ‘sore’ (herpes simplex virus)
German measles Five days from onset of rash The child is most infectious before the diagnosis is made and most children should be immune due to immunisation so that exclusion after the rash appears will prevent very few cases
Hand, foot and mouth disease None Usually a mild disease not justifying time off school
Impetigo 48 hours after treatment starts and/or until lesions are crusted or healed Antibiotic treatment by mouth may speed healing. If lesions can reliably be kept covered exclusion may be shortened
Measles Five days from onset of rash Measles is now rare in the UK
Molluscum contagiosum None A mild condition
Ringworm (Tinea) None Proper treatment by the GP is important.  Scalp ringworm needs treatment with an antifungal  by mouth
Roseolla None A mild illness, usually caught from well persons
Scabies Until treated Outbreaks have occasionally occurred in schools and nurseries.  Child can return as soon as properly treated.  This should include all the persons in the household.
Scarlet fever Five days from child commencing antibiotics Treatment    recommended for the affected
Slapped cheek or Fifth disease (Parvovirus) None Exclusion is Ineffective as nearly all transmission takes place before the child becomes unwell.
Warts and verrucae None Affected children may go swimming but verrucae should be covered
Diarrhoea and/or vomiting (with or without a specified diagnosis) Until diarrhoea and vomiting has settled.  Please check with the school before sending your child back. Usually there will be no specific diagnosis and for most conditions there is no specific treatment.  A longer period of exclusion may be appropriate for children under age 5 and older children unable to maintain good personal hygiene.
E-coli and Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome Depends on the type of E-coli seek FURTHER ADVICE from the NHS
Giardiasis Until diarrhoea has settled There is a specific antibiotic treatment
Salmonella Until diarrhoea and vomiting has settled (neither for the previous 24 hours) If the child is under five years or has difficulty in personal hygiene, seek advice from the Consultant in Communicable Disease Control.
Shigella  (Bacillary dysentery) Until diarrhoea has settled (for the previous 24 hours) If the child is under five years or had difficulty in personal hygiene, seek advice from the Consultant in Communicable Disease Control.
Flu (Influenza) None Flu is most  infectious just before and at the onset of symptoms
Tuberculosis NHS will advise Generally requires quite prolonged, close contact for spread on action.  Not usually spread from children.
Whooping cough (Pertussis) Five days from commencing antibiotic treatment Treatment (usually with erythromycin) is recommended  though non-infectious coughing may still continue for many weeks
Conjunctivitis None If an outbreak occurs consult Consultant in Communicable Disease Control
Glandular fever (infectious mononucleosis) None
Head lice (nits) None Treatment is recommended only in cases where live lice have definitely been seen
Hepatitis A See comments There is no justification for exclusion of healthy older children with good hygiene who will have been much more infectious prior to the diagnosis.  Exclusion is justified for  five days from the onset of jaundice or stools going pale for the under-fives  or where hygiene is poor
Meningococcal    meningitis/septicaemia The NHS will give specific advice on any action needed There is no reason to exclude from schools siblings and other close contacts of a case
Meningitis not due to Meningococcal infection None Once the child is well infection risk is minimal
Mumps Five days from onset of swollen glands The child is most infectious before the diagnosis is made and most children should be immune due to immunisation
Threadworms None Transmission is uncommon in schools but treatment is recommended for the child and family.
Tonsillitis None There are many causes, but most cases are due to viruses and do not need an antibiotic.  For one cause, streptococcal infection, antibiotic treatment is recommended
HIV/AIDS HIV is not infectious through casual contact.  There have been no recorded cases of spread within a school or nursery.
Hepatitis B and C Although more infectious than HIV, hepatitis B and C have only rarely spread within a school setting.  Universal precautions will minimise possible danger or spread of both hepatitis B and C.

 

Lateness

It is a parent’s responsibility to ensure their children arrive at school on time. Lateness can disrupt the learning of others and can result in a pupil feeling greater stress and achieving poorer outcomes.

90 per cent attendance means that your child is absent from lessons for the equivalent of one half day every week. Your child will be recorded as a persistently absent.

Over five years this is the equivalent of about one half of a school year.

Research shows a close link between attendance at school and a child’s achievement. Being late adds up to a loss of learning.

All time out of school affects learning and achievement for both pupils. Please make sure your child arrives at school on time.

If a pupil arrives after registration has closed the absence will be recorded as unauthorised for that session. If this persists legal action, in the form of a Penalty Notice or Prosecution under Section 444(1) of the Education Act 1996 may follow.

Minutes late per day Equivalent of missing
5 Minutes 3.4 school days a year
10 Minutes 6.9 school days a year
15 Minutes 10.3 school days a year
20 Minutes 13.8 school days a year
30 Minutes 20.7 school days a year