Phonics

Phonics at Suffield Park

Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language. At Suffield Park we teach phonics using the Letters and Sounds scheme.  Phonics is taught daily throughout the school.

A daily Reception/Key Stage One lesson follows this pattern:

Revisit/review Flashcards to practice phonemes learnt so far.
Teach Teach new phoneme, blending, segmenting, tricky word,
Practice Games and activities related to the new phoneme.
Apply Read captions/sentences

Apply in independent work.

 

Definitions

  • Phonics-the relationships between the sounds of a language and the letters used to represent those sounds – a way of teaching reading and spelling that stresses symbol sound relationships
  • Phoneme- basic sound unit of speech
  • Pure sounds – using the correct pronunciation for each letter not adding on extra “uh’s” onto letter sounds
  • Grapheme- a letter or a group of letters representing one sound, e.g. sh, ch, igh, ough (as in ‘though’)
  • Tricky/ Common Exception Words- words that cannot be sounded out easily
  • Digraph-two letters making one sound
  • Trigraph-three letters making one sound
  • Split digraph - two letters, split, making one sound, e.g. a-e as in make or i-e in site
  • Consonant – all letters other than a, e, i, o and u.
  • Vowel- phonemes where air flows through the mouth unobstructed (the letters a, e, i, o, and u are considered vowels, although vowel sounds can be represented by consonants, as in myth or fly, or a combination of consonants and vowels, as in night.
  • cvc - consonant/vowel/consonant-words such as cat
  • ccvc-consonant/consonant/vowel/consonant-words such as ship
  • cvcc- consonant/vowel/consonant/consonant-words such as puff

 

Links to helpful websites

How to pronounce pure sounds/blending sounds:

https://www.oxfordowl.co.uk/for-home/reading/phonics-made-easy/

Information about how to help struggling readers:

https://www.readingrockets.org/reading-topics/phonics-and-decoding

Letters and sounds website for games/resources:

http://www.letters-and-sounds.com/

10 Tips on Hearing Your Child Read

Reception
Year One